Leaving Cert  Full Access
Darwin Online College provides high quality affordable self paced online learning lessons to Leaving Certificate students using our online learning tools. These tools involve interactive comprehensive learning videos, quizzes, notes and interactive learning games.
Leaving Cert Higher  Leaving Cert Ordinary 
Trigonometry  Leaving Cert Math
(Higher).
This lesson covers leaving cert higher
level trigonometry.
The following content is covered:
There are also interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through
the correct solutions to past paper
questions on trigonometry.
In this lesson we will cover both
higher and ordinary level
junior certificate algebra. The
lesson will cover
There are also tutorial videos guiding students through common algebra questions. Coordinate geometry of the line and the
circle
In this lesson we will cover leaving cert higher level coordinate geometry of the line and coordinate geometry of the circle. We will cover the following: 1. Coordinate geometry : the line
2. Coordinate geometry : the
circle
There is a presentation of slides where students can through through the above topics. There are also detailed tutorial videos
where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past exam questions
on coordinate geometry of the line and
coordinate geometry of the circle. In this lesson we will cover the following
leaving cert higher level algebra topics:
Students can review their knowledge with
the algebra quiz. We bring different types
of questions that we meet in algebra
together in the quiz so you can test your
understanding.
Statistics  Leaving
Cert Maths (Higher).
This lesson covers leaving cert higher
level statistics.
The following content is covered:
There are also interactive tutorial videos
where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past exam questions on
statistics. Probability  Leaving Cert Higher Level
Maths
In this lesson we will cover leaving cert
higher level probability.
The following will be covered:
There are also detailed tutorial videos
where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past exam questions
on probability.
Students can then test their
understanding with our probability
quiz. Differentiation  Math (Higher)
We will cover the following:
Complex Numbers  Math (Higher)
In this lesson we will cover complex
numbers at leaving cert higher level.
We will cover the following:
Students can test their understanding on
this topic with our complex
numbers quiz.
Sequences and Series
Leaving cert higher level
In this lesson we will cover leaving cert
higher level sequences and series.
The following content will be covered:
There is a slide presentation on the above
content.
There are also interactive tutorial videos
where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past exam
questions.
Logarithms Leaving cert
higher level
In this lesson we will cover leaving cert
higher level logarithms.
The following content will be covered:
There are also interactive tutorial videos
where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past exam
questions.
Organic chemistry is an
important topic which makes up a large portion
of the leaving cert paper. In this lesson, we
will first discuss 8 families of chemical
compounds called homologous
series  the alkanes,
alkenes,
alkynes,
alcohols,
aldehydes,
ketones,
carboxylic
acids and esters.
We will then describe the different types of
chemical reactions that these compounds can take
part in, and how members from one family can be
converted to members of another.
Thermochemistry involves
studying how heat and temperature change in
chemical reactions. We need to understand the
two main types of reactions  endothermic and
exothermic reactions  as well as a few
definitions, and how to calculate the total
change of heat in a reaction.We'll then learn
about how fuels are produced and processed and
what makes one fuel more efficient than another.
Together, these will take up question 6 on the
exam paper.
A true understanding of
water as a compound is really central to
chemistry and will help you with other topics
like pH and titrations. In this lesson we will
focus on hardness in water, drinking water
treatment and waste water treatment. We will
also go through the three important water
experiments  how to test a water sample for
total hardness, for dissolved oxygen content and
for the concentration of free chlorine.
In this lesson, you will
learn all about the two main theories of acids
and bases
 BronstedLowry and Arrhenius  and how acids
and bases
react with each other. We will also cover the
concept of pH
and how to calculate the pH
value for a strong acid, a strong base,
a weak acid and a weak base.
This lesson contains 5 hotspot activities about acids & bases and pH. These are diagrams with certain points that you can click to reveal information about that diagram, and each one is followed by a small quiz about the material you've just learned. The hotspot activities are followed by a
7slide interactive lesson about acids &
bases
and pH.
Progress from one slide to the next, through
interactive videos, draganddrop activities
and quiz questions. All the key terms in this lesson are explained in the glossary. A titration
is an experiment carried out to determine the concentration
of a solution.
There are 6 titrations
on the leaving cert chemistry course, and each
year one of them will make up question 1 on the
exam paper. In this lesson, we will look at the
theory behind each of these 6 titrations,
how to carry out the experiment and how to
calculate the concentration
of a solution
using stoichiometry.
This lesson will cover the
stoichiometry section of Leaving Cert Chemistry.
This is the maths side of chemistry and for this
lesson, you'll need a periodic table and a
calculator! We will cover moles
and how to convert from moles
to mass, number of molecules,
gas volume and concentration,
and then how to apply these skills to working
out different bits of information about a
reaction. After completing this course, you'll
have a much better understanding of how to
answer all the different kinds of stoichiometry
questions in leaving cert chemistry papers.
This lesson covers the
atomic chemistry section of leaving cert
chemistry, which includes atomic structure,
electrons & orbitals,
trends in the periodic
table, bonding and radioactivity.
This is a broad topic with a lot of content and
every year it makes up question 5 of the exam
paper, as well as various other smaller
questions. After completing this lesson, you'll
have a much better understanding of these topics
and how to answer questions on them.
Equilibrium
is the point in a reversible
reaction where the rate of the forward
reaction is the same as the rate of the backward
reaction  or, more simply, the point at which
the reaction settles down. Equilibrium
is like the reset point for the reaction, and it
will always return to this point. In this lesson
we will gain a better understanding of chemical
equilibrium.
We will also look at how to calculate the equilibrium
point and how to predict how the reaction will
respond to different changes.
There are 22 practical
experiments on the leaving cert course. This
lesson will first focus on the scientific method
and how and why experiments are done. It will
then cover nine key experiments  food tests (1
experiment), enzyme experiments (4 experiments)
and the study of an ecosystem (4 experiments).
The experiments are based off the theoretical
course content and for these nine, it helps to
have a good understanding of the cell,
biochemistry and ecology.
The immune system is our
body's natural defense against pathogens
 bacteria, protists, fungi and viruses
which cause disease. There are two parts to it 
the innate and the adaptive
immune systems. The innate
immune system is a general defense
against all pathogens,
whereas the adaptive
immune system involves a process where
different types of white
blood cells recognise and kill
specific pathogens.
Only once we understand how the immune system
works, can we begin to understand what the
different blood
groups are and how people can become
immune to certain pathogens.
All living organisms can be
classified into five different groups  these
are called the '5 Kingdoms of Life'. Two of
these groups are animals and plants; the other
three groups  monera
(bacteria) , protista and fungi  are microorganisms.
Microorganisms
are living organisms that are so small that we
can't see them with the naked eye  we need a
microscope to see them. These tiny creatures
dominate the planet and we must aim to have a
good understanding of the different types of
them, their structure, what they eat, how they
reproduce and examples of ones that are both
good and bad for us.
Ecology is the study of
living organisms, the environment in which they
live and the relationships between them. It's
first important to understand how the ecosystem
works, how energy moves from one level of the
food chain to the next and how nutrients are
recycled. Then we can look at how organisms
interact with each other and how populations
rise and fall.
This glossary gives a brief explanation of all the key terms used throughout every lesson in the junior cert and leaving cert science courses. Evolution
is how species slowly change over time and in
the middle of the 19th century, biology was
transformed when two English naturalists,
Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace,
independently worked out just how evolution
works. Around the same time, a Czechoslovakian
monk, Gregor
Mendel, began to work out the laws of
inheritance  how traits are passed on from one
generation to the next. Building on what Mendel
discovered, we can now work out the traits of
the potential offspring between a couple of any
species, using a method called a genetic
cross.
When you look inside a
cell, then inside the nucleus, keep zooming in
and you'll see the organisms DNA  the
blueprint of life. It's crucial to have a good
understanding of the fine structure of DNA (and
of another similar molecule called RNA) before
progressing through the rest of genetics. Next,
we look at how cells are constantly copying
their DNA and then dividing in two, themselves.
After this we look at how cells read the
genetic code inside the DNA and use this code to
manufacture proteins  and how we can use this
information to our advantage to make proteins in
the lab or in the factory.
Biochemistry is the
chemistry of cells  or, put more plainly, how
cells function. A cell is constantly being run
by different chemical reactions inside it  the
two main ones we will study are photosynthesis
and respiration.
These chemical reactions are driven by two types
of big molecules inside the cell  energy
carriers and enzymes.
Once we understand how cells work, naturally, we
can manipulate them in industry to produce food,
drink and medicine.
The cell is the functional
unit of biology  everything alive either is a
cell or is composed of cells. For this reason, a
good understanding of the structure and function
of the cell is imperative to the rest of
biology. This lesson will study biomolecules 
the chemicals that cells are made from; the
different structures in a cell and what they do;
how substances move in and out of cells; and how
we use microscopes to study cells. After
completing this lesson, you'll be ready to look
at biology at another level.
This lesson will focus on
Electricity. We will cover charges, Coulomb's
law, electric fields and electric field
strength, potential difference, capacitance,
electric current, and semiconductors.
This lesson will focus on
Electricity. We will cover resistance,
Ohm's
Law, resistivity,
wheatstone bridges,
electromagnetism,
magnetic
flux, Faraday's and
Lenz's laws, and induction
This lesson will focus on
the Electron
and Radioactivity.
We will cover the discovery of electrons
and their applications, the photoelectric
effect, xrays,
the nucleus,
radioactivity,
and nuclear energy
This lesson will focus on
the topic of Waves and Wave Motion, covering how
waves behave, how to describe them, light as
waves, spectrometry,
and the Doppler
Effect.
This lesson will focus on
the topic of Sound and Vibration. including how
sound acts as a wave, characteristics of a
sound, how sound travels, sound
intensity, vibration of a stretched
string, and sound in open and closed
pipes.
This lesson is about Heat
and Temperature.
In it, we cover temperature, how it is measured, its units, calibrating thermometers, heat, heat capacity, latent heat, and how heat is transferred. In this lesson we will cover the first
chunk of Leaving Cert Mechanics, Motion. We
will learn about speed, displacement, velocity, acceleration, velocitytime
graphs, how to use the equations
of motion, vector and scalar
quantities  and how all of
these can be used to predict movement and
direction of a body. This lesson will focus on
the final chunk of the Mechanics course.
We will study moments, work, energy, power, and circular and simple harmonic motion This lesson will focus on
the first topic of optics: Reflection
and Mirrors.
The use, application and fundamentals of plane mirrors and spherical mirrors is covered in this lesson. This lesson will focus on
the second Optics topic of the Leaving Cert
Physics course: Refraction and
Lenses.
In this lesson, we will cover:
In this section we will
cover common essay titles for paper one of the
leaving cert higher level exam.
In this section we will
cover 2 common essay titles for paper one of the
leaving cert higher level exam.
Ceapadóireacht
In this lesson, we will hear each of the following leaving cert higher level Irish essays being read aloud:
In this section we will
cover 2 common essay titles for paper one of the
leaving cert higher level exam.
An easytofollow guide to
the vocabulary needed for Junior Certificate
French. Includes vocab for:
An tSraith Pictiúr
An Sraith Pictiúr
This lesson covers:
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Algebra  Leaving Cert Ordinary Level
In this lesson we will cover Leaving Cert
Ordinary Level Algebra.
We will go through the following:
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our algebra quiz. The quiz questions are
taken from leaving cert ordinary level past
papers, which helps to familiarize students
with the style of the questions that will be
presented to them in the leaving cert. Differentiation  Leaving Cert Ordinary
level
In the lesson we will cover the following
differentiation topics:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our differentiation quiz. The quiz questions
are taken from leaving cert ordinary level
past papers, which helps to familiarize
students with the style of the questions
that will be presented to them in the
leaving cert. Complex Numbers Leaving Cert Ordinary
Level
In this lesson we will cover Leaving Cert
Ordinary Level Complex Numbers.
We will go through the following:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our complex numbers quiz. The quiz questions
are taken from leaving cert ordinary level
past papers, which helps to familiarize
students with the style of the questions
that will be presented to them in the
leaving cert. Trigonometry  Leaving Cert Ordinary
level
In the lesson we will cover the following
trigonometry topics:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our trigonometry quiz. The quiz questions
are taken from leaving cert ordinary level
past papers, which helps to familiarize
students with the style of the questions
that will be presented to them in the
leaving cert. Sequences and series  Leaving Cert Ordinary
level
In the lesson we will cover the following
sequences and series topics:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our sequences and series quiz. The quiz
questions are taken from leaving cert
ordinary level past papers, which helps to
familiarize students with the style of the
questions that will be presented to them in
the leaving cert. Coordinate geometry Leaving Cert Ordinary
level
In this lesson activity we will cover Leaving
Cert Ordinary Coordinate Geometry of the line
and the circle.
We will cover the following:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our coordinate geometry quiz. The quiz
questions are taken from leaving cert
ordinary level past papers, which helps to
familiarize students with the style of the
questions that will be presented to them in
the leaving cert. Statistics  Leaving Cert Ordinary level
In the lesson we will cover the following
statistics topics:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our statistics quiz. The quiz questions are
taken from leaving cert ordinary level past
papers, which helps to familiarize students
with the style of the questions that will be
presented to them in the leaving cert. Probability  Leaving Cert Ordinary
level
In this lesson activity we will cover Leaving
Cert Ordinary Level Probability.
We will cover the following:
There is a slide presentation for students
to view covering the above.
There are detailed interactive tutorial
videos where students are guided through the
correct solutions to past leaving cert
ordinary level paper questions.
Students can test their understanding with
our probability quiz. The quiz questions are
taken from leaving cert ordinary level past
papers, which helps to familiarize students
with the style of the questions that will be
presented to them in the leaving cert. 